The U.S. State Department has acknowledged funding the establishment of independent "shadow" internet and cell-phone networks in countries with oppressive regimes, according to a Sunday New York Times article.
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The effort is part of a broader "liberation technology movement" critical in the recent popular uprisings such as those in China, Iran, Egypt, Libya and Syria – the more recent events are commonly referred to as the "Arab Spring." The liberation technology refers to the use of information technology to expand political, social, and economic freedom.
In countries like Iran, Libya and Syria these shadow networks and technologies would allow activists to communicate with each other and the rest of the world despite government censorship to prohibit such activity.
According to New York Times sources, one such project, an "Internet in a suitcase," is being developed by New America Foundation's Open Technology Initiative, a nonpartisan nonprofit, with the help of a $2 million State Department grant.
The suitcase uses off-the-shelf equipment readily available in various parts of the world, open source software technologies and Wi-Fi to allow users to communicate on the Internet without a central hub.
"Because we chose Wi-Fi as a platform, the software can run on a variety of devices," said Josh King, a technologist with New America Foundation in an interview with Al Jazeera. "It won't take an engineer with a computer science degree to be able to deploy it somewhere."
The news comes days after U.N. Special Rapporteur Frank La Reux released a report that declared government restriction of internet access to be a violation of human rights.
The representatives from the State Department were not available for comment at the time of the publication.